HUD Fair Housing Data

 

The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) provides census data to local communities for analysis purposes.  This data will be used in the Fair Housing Assessment in conjunction with locally gathered data to complete the Fair Housing Assessment.  Below are descriptions of tables and maps that will be used in the assessment.  Each table or map can be viewed by clicking the name of each.

Tables
 
This table reports the Racial/Ethnic Dissimilarity Index over the last three census periods.  It is an estimate of residential segregation by race, wherein on a scale of 0 – 100, higher values indicate higher levels of segregation between the two groups measured.
 
This table reports the demographics of residents by protected characteristics living in Racial/Ethnic Concentrated Areas of Poverty (R/ECAP).
 
This table presents four types of public housing options present in the jurisdiction, along with the number and percentage of households by race/ethnicity that utilize these services.  It also presents the total number of households by race/ethnicity, along with the number that fall into specific percentages of Area Median Income (AMI).
 
This table presents the number and percentage of households by race/ethnicity and household size that experience housing problems, such as incomplete kitchen or plumbing facilities, overcrowding (more than 1 person per room), and cost burden (a housing cost greater than 30% or 50% of income).
 
This table presents various opportunity indices by race/ethnicity for households below the poverty line.  On a scale of 0 – 100, higher values indicate more favorable conditions for residents.
-          The Low Poverty Index measures concentration of poverty by neighborhood.
-          The School Proficiency Index measures which neighborhoods have higher-performing elementary schools based on the performance of 4th grade students on state exams.
-          The Labor Market Index measures unemployment, labor-force participation, and the percent of population aged 25 and over who hold at least a bachelor’s degree.
-          The Transit Index measures how often low-income families in a neighborhood use public transportation.
-          The Low Transportation Cost Index measures cost of transportation and proximity to public transportation by neighborhood.
-          The Jobs Proximity Index measures the physical distances between place of residence and jobs.
-          The Environmental Health Index measures exposure based on EPA estimates of air quality carcinogenic, respiratory, and neurological toxins by neighborhood.
 
This table presents the number and percentage of residents who experience disabilities including hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory, self-care, and independent living difficulty.
 
This table presents the number and percentage of residents by age that experience disabilities.
 
This table presents the number and percentage of homeowners versus renters by race/ethnicity.
 
Maps
 
This map presents the spatial distribution of residents by race against neighborhoods that are supported by Housing Choice Vouchers.  Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods that hold higher percentages of voucher recipients.
 
This map presents the spatial distribution of residents by race against neighborhoods that experience one or more housing burdens, such as incomplete kitchen or plumbing facilities, overcrowding (more than 1 resident per bedroom), or cost burden (housing cost equals greater than 30% or 50% of income).  Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods with higher percentages of housing burden.
 
This map presents the spatial distribution of residents by race against neighborhoods ranked according to HUD’s School Proficiency Index, which is a measurement of elementary schools based on 4th grade performance on state exams.  Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods with higher-performing schools.
 
This map presents the spatial distribution of residents by race against neighborhoods according to HUD’s Job Proximity Index, which measures the physical distances between place of residence and jobs. Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods in which residents live closer to their jobs.
 
This map presents the spatial distribution of residents by race against neighborhoods according to HUD’s Labor Market Index, which measures unemployment, labor-force participation, and the percent of population aged 25 and over who hold at least a bachelor’s degree. Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods in which more residents hold bachelor’s degrees, unemployment is lower, and labor-force participation is higher.
 
This map presents the spatial distribution of residents by race against neighborhoods according to HUD’s Poverty Index, which measures the concentration of poverty by neighborhood. Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods in which poverty is less common among residents.
 
This map presents neighborhoods by percent of households who are renters. Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods in which higher percentages of residents rent their homes, as opposed to owning their homes.
 
This map presents neighborhoods by percent of housing units that are affordable to low-income residents whose incomes are at or below 50% of Area Median Income (AMI). Darker-shaded regions represent neighborhoods in which low-income residents can more easily find housing that is affordable.